(i) Explain the meaning of judicial precedent. (2 marks)
(ii) State two forms of judicial precedents.
o This is stare decisis
o It is a system of administration of justice whereprevious decisions are relied upon in subsequent similar cases.
o The precedent or earlier decision becomes the source of law for subsequent cases.
• Original precendent: this is law making precedent. It is the principle or proposition of law as formulated the court.
• Declaration precedent: this is the application of an existing principle of law.
• Binding precedent –the earlier decision binds the court in which it is used.
• Persuasive precedent –the earlier decision is used to persuade the court to decide the case similarly.