A container is any unit used for transporting goods. It involves putting cargo in metal containers which are easily transferred between two transportation modes. They can also be easily lifted since they have hooks. It’s part of unitization and consolidation since it combines several units which are loaded into a container for transportation. Most containers have standard length and height. Goods transported through one container are referred to as full container load (FCL).

Where cargo is combined into several consigners through one container is known as less container load.

This is also a means of transport that find does not lie in each of the discussed is defined as packing of goods in containers which are of standard sizes. A container is a huge box designed in a  special way for transporting goods by ship, rail or air.


  1. Full-container load-they are used by one exporter/importer.
  2. Less container load-they are loaded with goods of different exporters/importers put together since the goods for each exporter may not be enough to fill the container. Mainly used in ship transport. The Kenya port authority has established a container terminal in Nairobi called dry port to serve exporters and importers leaving inland.

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