Discuss the doctrine of separation of powers highlighting its importance.

The so-called doctrine of separation of powers is a framework propounded a French jurist named Montesquieu who sought to create a legal framework to avoid the over-concentration of political power in the hands of one person or group.
His framework envisions a constitutional structure characterized non sharing of responsibility.

It is based on the assumption that governmental organs can operate in water tight compartments.

Montesquieu‟s thesis was that governmental powers should be devolved to different organs namely Judiciary Executive and Legislature. That these organs exercise different functions and that no person should be a member of more than one organ.

According to him such dispersal of powers creates a system of checks and balances.

This is the so-called classical doctrine of separation of powers which is for all intents and purposes impractical unless modified.



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