Explain the relevance of manufacturing Information System in current scenario of industrialization. What are the areas in which this Information System contributes?

A Management Information System ICT Revision Questions and Answers

The manufacturing information system is that form of the computer integrated production system which helps to provide the relevant data at the real time required for the efficient production of the quality product with the optimum utilization of the man, machine, material with the just in time delivery. The manufacturing information system ranges from the Computer Aided Design to just in time inventory management to robotics control of the machineries to the shop floor planning to schedule of the human resources. Manufacturing information systems contribute an organization in various levels.

The cost of production increases due to the need of large area of warehouse, storing products in those warehouses for longer duration as the space and time are very expensive. Just in time inventory, just in time delivery system help in the reduction of need of warehouse and storage of products. Use of computer aided design helps in the development of highly precise product to meet the challenge of need of high quality product. The manufacturing information system optimally utilized the machine, man and materials. Thus, manufacturing information system is highly relevant in today‘s competitive business environment.
Some examples of the manufacturing information system are:

SN System Description Organization Level
1 Machine Control Control      the      action      of

machines and Equipment

Operational Level
2 Computer Aided Design Design new products using

the computer

Knowledge level
3 Production planning Decide when and how many products      should       be


Management Level
4 Facilities Location Decide where to locate new

production facilities


Thus the specific areas in which the manufacturing information system contributes can be summarised as:
1. Production Planning
2. Designing of the product
3. Development and Maintenance of production facilities
4. Acquisition of the production materials and just in time inventory management
5. Scheduling of the equipment and production facilities
6. Controlling of the equipment used and shop floor planning
7. Monitoring of the production and controlling various engineering

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