Functions of the warehouse

  1. Receiving-This includes the physical unloading of incoming transport, checking, recording of receipts, and deciding where the received goods are to be put away in the warehouse. It can also include such activities as unpacking and repackaging, quality control checks and temporary quarantine storage for goods awaiting clearance quality control
  2. Inspection- Quality and quantity check of the incoming goods for their required characteristics
  3. Repackaging– Incoming lot may be having non-standard packaging which may not be stored as it is in the respective location. In those cases these materials have to be pre packed in unit loads/pallet loads suitable for storage.
  4. Put away – Is an act of placing merchandise in storage.
  5. Storage – Binning the approved material in their respective locations.
  6. Order-Order picking / selection –Goods are selected from order picking stock in the required quantities and at the required time to meet customer orders. Picking often involves break bulk operations, when goods are received from suppliers in, say, whole pallet quantities, but ordered customers in less than pallet quantity. Order picking is important for achieving high levels of customer service; it traditionally also takes a high proportion of the total warehouse staff complement and is expensive. The good design and management of picking systems and operations are consequently vital to effective warehouse performance
  7. Sorting – This enable goods coming into a warehouse to be sorted into specific customer orders immediately on arrival. The goods then go directly to order collation.
  8. Packing and shipping – Picked goods as per the customer order are consolidated and packed according to customer order requirement. It is shipped according to customer orders and respective destinations.
  9. Cross-docking –Move products directly from receiving to the shipping dock – these products are not at all stored in the specific locations.
  10. Replenishing – This is the movement of goods in larger order quantities, for example a whole pallet at a time , from reserve storage to order picking, to ensure that order picking locations do not become empty. Maintaining stock availability for order picking is important for achieving high levels of order fill.



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