INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT
To the Shareholders, ABC Company
Report on the Audit of the Financial Statements1 Opinion
We have audited the financial statements of ABC Company (the Company), which comprise the statement of financial position
as at Ashadh 32, 20XX, and the statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.
In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, (or give a true and fair view of) the financial position of the Company as at Ashadh 32, 20XX, and (of) its financial performance and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with Nepal Financial Reporting Standards (NFRSs).
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with Nepal Standards on Auditing (NSAs). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the ICAN‟s Handbook of Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financial statements in [jurisdiction], and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the ICAN‟s Handbook of The Code of Ethics For Professional Accountants. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
[Description of each key audit matter in accordance with NSA 701.]
Other Information [or another title if appropriate such as “Information Other than the Financial Statements and Auditor’s Report Thereon”]
[Reporting in accordance with the reporting requirements in NSA 720 (Revised)]
Management is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the [information included in the “Annual Report” (as defined in NSA 720), but does not include the financial statements and our auditor‟s report thereon.] Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information, and in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information; we are required to report that fact. [We have nothing to report in this regard [or a statement that describes any material misstatement of the other information].
Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Financial Statements.
Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with NFRSs, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company‟s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Company‟s financial reporting process.
Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor‟s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with NSAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists.
Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with NSAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
• Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
• Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Group‟s internal control.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made management.
• Conclude on the appropriateness of management‟s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Group‟s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required
to draw attention in our auditor‟s report to the related disclosures in the consolidated financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor‟s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Group to cease to continue as a going concern.
• Evaluate the overall presentation, structure, and content of the consolidated financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
• Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the Group to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.
• We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
• (For listed entities) We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
(Example: For entities covered application of Companies Act)
As per the requirements of Section 115 of the Companies Act, 2063 (First Amendment 2074), we further report that:
a) We have obtained all the information and explanations, which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purpose of our audit.
b) In our opinion the Company has kept proper books of account as required law so far, as appears from our examinations of those Books.
c) The financial statements are in agreement with the books of account.
d) In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanation given to us, the financial statement the said Balance Sheet, Income Statement and Cash Flow Statement, read together with the notes forming part of the accounts give the information required the Companies Act 2063 (First Amendment 2074) in the manner so required and give a true and fair view:
i. In the case of Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 32nd Ashadh, 20XX; and
ii. In the case of Income Statement, of the results of operations of the Company for the year ended on 32nd Ashadh, 20XX; and
iii. In the case of the Cash Flow Statement, of Cash inflow and outflow of Company for the year ended on that date.
e) Neither we have come across any of the information about the misappropriation of fund the directors or any of the representative or company’s staffs during the course of our audit nor have we received any such information from the management.
f) No accounting fraud has been observed during the course of our audit.
Place for XYZ & Associates
Name of Member Designation Membership No.