i)Borrowing additional debt capital which take priority charge in case of liquidation.
(ii) Disposal of assets used as collateral for loans
(iii) Payment of high dividends which reduce the cash for investment.
(iv) Asset substitution
If a firm sells bonds for the stated purposes of engaging in low variance projects, the value of the shareholders equity rises and the value of bondholders claim is reduced by substituting projects which increase the time variance rate.
(v) Under investment
A firm with outstanding bonds can have incentive to reject projects which have a positive NPV if the benefit form accepting the project accrues to the bondholders.
Sale of assets used to secure creditors