These are open-air storage space. Buildings for housing stock are expensive and certain heavier and less perishable materials may be kept in the open for a reasonable length of time without serious deterioration. Items that can be kept in a stockyard include:- heavy steel bars, rails, metal pipes, timber, bricks, sand, concrete, metal scrap awaiting disposal. Unlike storehouse storage, open-air storage receives less attention and the following are some of the possible shortcomings that may be experienced in outside storage facilities:-
- Stock is scattered over a wide area, making proper control very difficult
- There is an excessive employment of manual labor
- The absence of fencing or other means of enclosure increases the risk of theft, fraud or unauthorized issues.
- Road and rail access is inadequate, thus slowing down transport and hindering the use of mechanical handling equipment.
- Lack of artificial lighting impedes efficient working during the winter(cold) months and makes night work impracticable.
- Material is mostly stacked on bare earth and in course of time becomes overgrown vegetation or corroded.