Suggest the measures that management may adopt to overcome constraints.

Principles and Practice of Management notes and Revision questions and answers

Overcoming constraints to effective planning

  • Planning must start at the top. The initiative and support of top management is essential for effective planning.
  • Allow for wider participation in the formulation and execution of plans.
  • Planning should be definite, time specific and focused.
  • Goals, premises and policies must be properly communicated to all in the organization.
  • Long range planning must be integrated with short range planning.
  • Planning must include awareness and acceptance of change.
  • An open system involving continuous monitoring of the environment should be adopted.
  • Plans should be flexible – allow for change so as to adapt the changing environment.
  • Train managers on the art of planning.
  • Develop accurate forecasts and be objective.
  • Review plans regularly to ensure that the premise still hold and allow for changes as appropriate.

Principles and Practice of Management notes and Revision



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