The following are some of the elements which constitute an E-Commerce application: – Automated Teller Machine (ATM ) Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Internet.
Illustrate the contributions of each of the above technologies in E-Commerce application.
(c) Explain the meaning of the following terms:
III. Network browser.
(i) Automated Teller Machines (ATMs)
They have made it possible for individuals to pay for their utilities (e.g. electricity, telephone services, water) electronically.
(ii) Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
EDI has facilitated the quick and convenient exchange of documents and payments in e- commerce. Such documents include purchase orders, shipping invoices, and shipping notices.
This is an international network of networks that is a collection of hundreds of thousands of private and public data networks.
The Internet provides the link between the seller and buyer that is required in e-commerce. The Internet has bridged geographical barriers
c) (i) Website
This refers to all the World Wide Web pages maintained an organization. The World Wide Web is a system with universally accepted standards for storing, retrieving, formatting and displaying information in a networked environment.
Websites could be maintained to aid other Internet users to search information, for purposes of e-commerce, for purposes of advertising an organization‘s products and services, to enable
Internet users access e-mail facilities, etc. Websites usually contain stylish topography, colourful graphics, push-button interactivity and sound and video to lure Internet users to browse (view) their content. Examples of common websites include: www.yahoo.com (for e- mail), www.google.com (for searching information), www.amazon.com (for e-commerce) and www.skynews.com (for news).
(ii) Cyber café
This refers to a facility that enables individuals to access and use the Internet at a cost. Cyber cafés are usually in the form of a small building or a small room with several computers linked to the Internet. Individuals usually access the Internet for short periods ranging from a few minutes to one or two hours. The cost varies with the total time of access. Other services provided cyber cafés include:
o CD writing
o Typing of documents
(iii) Network Browser
This refers to an application program that enables a user to access and view contents of a website. Examples of web browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator.