THE PROCESS OF COMMUNICATION

Entrepreneurship-and-Communication-Skills-notes

process of communication 

The process of communication involves seven major elements – sender, message, encoding, channel, receiver, decoding and feedback.

  • Sender:

The sender is the person who transmits a message. He is the communicator. He is the one who gets the entire process of communication started. He wants to get his opinions, ideas, facts, 

thoughts or information across to the receiver. He is, therefore, also said to be the transmitter of a message.

  • Message:

A message is the actual information that has to be conveyed. Communication is unthinkable without a message. A message triggers a response from the receiver. Messages can broadly be divided into verbal and non-verbal. The message must be clear, complete, unambiguous and courteous.

  • Encoding:

The seeds of communication are sown the moment the sender thinks of transmitting a certain message. These thoughts have to be converted into suitable words, pictures, charts or symbols so that they can be delivered to the receiver.

This process of converting thoughts into suitable words, charts, symbols or any other form in which they can be understood the receiver is called encoding. The choice of the method of communication is made here – will the message be verbal or non- verbal?

  • Channel:

How does one communicate? This is what a channel deals with. Communication is achieved through a channel. The channel can be a letter, an email, a fax, a telephone or memos, reports, bulletins, posters and manuals.

The choice depends on the relationship between the sender and the receiver as well as on the message that has to be communicated.

Other factors that tend to influence the choice of a channel include the gravity of the message, the number of receivers, the costs involved and the amount of information.

  • Receiver:

The person who receives the message, decodes it and understands it or attaches some meaning to it is the receiver.

The receiver has to perform three functions:

  • Reception of the message:

This is the stage when a message sent the sender is sensorial taken in the receiver.

  • Decoding the message:

After receiving the message, the receiver has to attach some meaning to it.

  • Understanding the message:

He then has to interpret it in the same way and in the same sense as the sender meant it.

  • Feedback:

The return of communication from the receiver to the sender is known as feedback. It is the response, reaction or reply to the communication. It is always directed towards the sender. This completes the cycle of communication. Thus, in feedback, the receiver sends his reply or response to the sender, indicating that he has understood the message received. In face-to-face communication. 

The process of communication involves seven major elements – sender, message, encoding, channel, receiver, decoding and feedback.

  • Sender:

The sender is the person who transmits a message. He is the communicator. He is the one who gets the entire process of communication started. He wants to get his opinions, ideas, facts,

thoughts or information across to the receiver. He is, therefore, also said to be the transmitter of a message.

  • Message:

A message is the actual information that has to be conveyed. Communication is unthinkable without a message. A message triggers a response from the receiver. Messages can broadly be divided into verbal and non-verbal. The message must be clear, complete, unambiguous and courteous.

  • Encoding:

The seeds of communication are sown the moment the sender thinks of transmitting a certain message. These thoughts have to be converted into suitable words, pictures, charts or symbols so that they can be delivered to the receiver.

This process of converting thoughts into suitable words, charts, symbols or any other form in which they can be understood the receiver is called encoding. The choice of the method of communication is made here – will the message be verbal or non- verbal?

  • Channel:

How does one communicate? This is what a channel deals with. Communication is achieved through a channel. The channel can be a letter, an email, a fax, a telephone or memos, reports, bulletins, posters and manuals.

The choice depends on the relationship between the sender and the receiver as well as on the message that has to be communicated.

Other factors that tend to influence the choice of a channel include the gravity of the message, the number of receivers, the costs involved and the amount of information.

  • Receiver:

The person who receives the message, decodes it and understands it or attaches some meaning to it is the receiver.

The receiver has to perform three functions:

  • Reception of the message:

This is the stage when a message sent the sender is sensorial taken in the receiver.

  • Decoding the message:

After receiving the message, the receiver has to attach some meaning to it.

  • Understanding the message:

He then has to interpret it in the same way and in the same sense as the sender meant it.

Feedback:

The return of communication from the receiver to the sender is known as feedback. It is the response, reaction or reply to the communication. It is always directed towards the sender. This completes the cycle of communication. Thus, in feedback, the receiver sends his reply or response to the sender, indicating that he has understood the message received. In face-to-face communication.



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