Developing IT Solutions:
Developing successful information system solutions to business problems is a major challenge for business managers and professionals today. As a business professional, you will be responsible for proposing or developing new or improved use of information systems for your company. As a
business manager, you will also frequently manage the development efforts of information systems specialists and other business end users.
Most computer-based information systems are conceived, designed, and implemented using some form of systematic development process.
Several major activities must be accomplished and managed in a complete IS development cycle.
• In the development process, end users and information specialists design information system applications based on an analysis of the business requirements of an organization.
• Investigating the economic or technical feasibility of a proposed application.
• Acquiring and learning how to use the software required to implement the new system, and make improvements to maintain the business value of a system.
Challenges of Ethics and IT:
As a prospective managerial end user and knowledge worker in a global society, you should also become aware of the ethical responsibilities generated the use of information technology.
A major challenge for our global information society is to manage its information resources to benefit all members of society while at the same time meeting the strategic goals of organizations and nations. For example, we must use information systems to find more efficient, profitable and socially responsible ways of using the world‘s limited supplies of material, energy, and other resources.
Challenges of IT Careers:
Information technology and its uses in information systems have created interesting, highly paid, and challenging career opportunities. Employment opportunities in the field of information systems are excellent, as organizations continue to expand their use of information technology. Employment surveys continually forecast shortages of qualified information systems personnel in a variety of job categories. Job requirements in information systems are continually changing due to dynamic developments in business and information technology.
Information system investment challenge:
It is obvious that one of the greatest challenges facing managers today is ensuring that their companies do indeed obtain meaningful returns to the money they spend on the information system.
The strategic business challenge:
Despite heavy information technology investment‘s, many organizations are not realizing significant business value from their system, because they lack or fail to appreciate the complementary assets required to make their technology assets work. The power of computer hardware and software has grown much more rapidly than the ability of organizations to apply and use their technology. To benefit fully from information technology, realize genuine productivity,and become competitive and effective, many organizations actually need to re-design. They will have to make fundamental change in employee and management behavior, develop new business models, retire obsolete work rules and eliminate the inefficiencies of outmoded business processes and organizational structures. New technology alone will not produce meaningful business benefits.
The global Challenge:
The rapid growth in international trade and the emergence of a global economy call for information systems that can support both producing and selling goods in many different countries. In the past, each regional office of a multinational corporation focused on solving its own unique information problems. Given language, cultural and political differences among countries, this focus frequently resulted in chaos and the failure of central management controls. To develop integrated, multinational, information systems, business must develop global hardware. Software and communication standards create cross cultural and reporting structures and design translation business process.