A manager could take the following steps to motivate his/her subordinates:
i. ensure adequate level of pay. etc
ii. train the individual so as to enable him to master the job, and eventually move to a bigger one.
iii. develop a team spirit in which the members feel that they can support the others and yet be supported them as well.
iv. provide means wherethe employee can measure his progress in the job.
v. take an interest in the person and thank him when he has worked well.
vi. ensure that the person’s job was a challenging one, however modest the level
vii. keep the employee well-informed about matters that may concern him.