Write short notes on Job production

JOB PRODUCTION
It may also be called unique production. It is the production of single items, usually to order
i.e. most products are made for a particular customer or to a particular order. These products may be small, tailor-made components, huge pieces of equipment or large single items such as a ship.

Because of the unique nature of each article to be produced, planning is not easy in jobbing production, neither is control. A lot of inventiveness and creativity is required.

Characteristics of job production
• A wide variety of different operations to be performed under varying circumstances i.e. no standardization
• Varying sequences of operations
• General purpose machinery and equipment
• Unpredictable demand on stocks
• Workforce skilled in a wide range of skills

Circumstances that would justify adoption of job production
• Where large items e.g. ships have to be built
• Where single large pieces of equipment such as electricity generating plant are to be manufactured
• Where individual items e.g. a bridge is to be constructed
• Where small one-off parts are to be produced to the order of the production department.



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